What you'll use: lathe, chuck, and cutting tools
When you make a bowl, you're using a lathe to spin a piece of wood attached to the lathe by a chuck while using cutting tools to shape the bowl. This process is referred to as "turning a bowl." And you are about to become a "wood turner."
1. Lathe spins the wood for cutting
This diagram covers the key components of a wood lathe. This introductory video shows how the lathe works.
2. Chuck attaches the bowl to the lathe
The chuck holds your wood on the lathe's headstock while you're turning the bowl. Most beginners start with a wooden chuck, as shown in the first photo below. If you start making a lot of bowls, you'll find it helpful to have a metal chuck you can use over and over.
3. Cutting tools shape the bowl
There are three major categories of cutting tools: scrapers, bowl gouges, and carbide-tipped cutters, each with pros and cons. In our class, we use scrapers supplied by the shop.
This video digs into the differences between the three types of tools and the pros and cons of each.